Country Idealist Profiles

Victoria (Aus) – Melbourne administration

Posted in Australia, Victoria (Australia), Victoria (Australia) - Basics by blopote on August 13, 2008

The Melbourne City Council governs the City of Melbourne (the most populous in Victoria), which takes in the CBD and a few adjoining inner suburbs. However the head of the Melbourne City Council, the Lord Mayor of Melbourne, is frequently treated as a representative of greater Melbourne (the entire metropolitan area), particularly when interstate or overseas. The Lord Mayor is John So, who was crowned the 2006 World Mayor. Most city-wide government activities are controlled by the Victorian state government, which governs from Parliament House in Spring Street. These include public transport, main roads, traffic control, policing, education above preschool level, and planning of major infrastructure projects. Because three quarters of Victoria’s population lives in Melbourne, state governments have traditionally been reluctant to allow the development of citywide governmental bodies, which would tend to rival the state government. The semi-autonomous Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works was abolished in 1992 for this reason. This is not dissimilar to other Australian states where State Governments have similar powers in greater metropolitan areas.


Victoria (Aus) – State structure

Posted in Australia, Victoria (Australia), Victoria (Australia) - Basics by blopote on August 13, 2008

There are 79 Local Government Areas in Victoria. LGA’s are constituted as cities, shires, rural cities and, in one case, a borough.

Shire and city councils are responsible for functions delegated by the Victorian parliament, such as city planning, road infrastructure and waste management. Council revenue comes mostly from property taxes and government grants.

(Source: Victorian Parliamentary Library, Department of Victorian Communities, Australian Electoral Commission).

Municipalities of Greater Melbourne: City of Banyule, City of Bayside, City of Boroondara, City of Brimbank, Shire of Cardinia, City of Casey, City of Darebin, City of Frankston, City of Glen Eira, City of Greater Dandenong, City of Hobsons Bay, City of Hum, City of Kingston, City of Knox, City of Manningham, City of Maribyrnong, City of Maroondah, City of Melbourne, Shire of Melton, City of Monash, City of Moonee Valley, City of Moreland, Shire of Mornington Peninsula, Shire of Nillumbik, City of Port Phillip, City of Stonningto, City of Whitehors, City of Whittlesea, City of Wyndham, City of Yarra, Shire of Yarra Ranges.

Regional Cities: Rural City of Ararat, City of Ballarat, City of Greater Bendigo, Rural City of Benalla, City of Grater Geelong, City of Greater Shepparton, Rural City of Horsham, City of Latrobe, Rural City of Mildura, Rural City of Swan Hill, Rural City of Wangaratta, City of Warrnambool, City of Wodonga.

Rural Shires: Alpine Shire, Bass Coast Shire, Shire of Baw Baw, Shire of Buloke, Shire of Campaspe, Shire of Central Goldfields, Colac Otway Shire, Corangamite Shire, Shire of East Gippsland, Shire of Gannawarra, Shire of Glenelg, Golden Plains Shire, Shire of Hepburn, Shire of Hindmarsh, Shire of Indigo, Shire of Loddon, Shire of Macedon Ranges, Shire of Mansfield, Shire of Mitchell, Shire of Moira, Shire of Moorabool, Shire of Mount Alexander, Shire of Moyne, Shire of Murrindindi, Shire of Northern Grampians, Shire of Pyrenees, South Gippsland Shire, Shire of Southern Grampians, Shire of Strathbogie, Surf Coast Shire, Shire of Towong, Shire of Wellington, Shire of West Wimmera, Shire of Yarriambiack.

Other: Borough of Queenscliffe.

Victoria (Aus) – Economy

Posted in Australia, Victoria (Australia), Victoria (Australia) - Basics by diego1084 on July 21, 2008

The economy of Victoria is based on the gold mines and coal as well as on the petroleum extractions. Outside Melbourne, where the manofacturas predominate, the rest of the territory is dedicated to agriculture and the cattle ranch, specially the ovine one.

Gross Domestic Product

– Product ($m): $242,595 (2nd)

– Product per capita: $47,096 (4th)

Labour Force

During the week prior to Census Night 2001, 2,082,216 people in Victoria (1,139,127 males and 943,089 females) were employed, representing 93.2% of the labour force. Of these, 1,354,647 (65.1%) people (884,237 males and 470,410 females) were working full-time and 663,221 (31.9%) people (218,142 males and 445,079 females) were working part-time. This compares with 1,884,880 (90.6%) people (1,051,675 males and 833,205 females) who were employed in the 1996 Census and 1,806,561 (88.0%) people (1,028,427 males and 778,134 females) who were employed in the 1991 Census.

In the 2001 Census, 151,859 people (87,530 males and 64,329 females) were unemployed, representing 6.8% of the labour force. Of these, 106,157 (69.9%) people (70,408 males and 35,749 females) were looking for full-time work and 45,702 (30.1%) people (17,122 males and 28,580 females) were looking for part-time work. In the 1996 Census, there were 196,189 (9.4%) unemployed people (115,682 males and 80,507 females) and 246,680 (12.0%) unemployed people (149,810 males and 96,870 females).

The Internet access is between 63% and 65%.

Victoria (Aus) – Education numbers

In the 2001 Census, 130,060 (3.5%) people (64,055 males and 66,005 females) held a postgraduate degree, graduate diploma or graduate certificate. This compares with 103,627 (3.0%) people (52,361 males and 51,266 females) in the 1996 Census and 70,635 (2.1%) people (37,760 males and 32,875 females) in the 1991 Census.
In the 2001 Census, 390,733 (10.7%) people (178,489 males and 212,244 females) held a bachelor degree, compared with 289,029 (8.4%) people (141,633 males and 147,396 females) in the 1996 Census and 205,076 (6.2%) people (108,984 males and 96,092 females) in the 1991 Census.
There were 757,091 (20.6%) people (485,321 males and 271,770 females) with an advanced diploma, diploma or certificate in the 2001 Census, compared with 636,005 (18.5%) people (414,778 males and 221,227 females) in the 1996 Census and 583,869 (17.7%) people (380,706 males and 203,163 females) in the 1991 Census.
In the 2001 Census, 2,390,500 (65.2%) people (1,051,377 males and 1,339,123 females) did not have a qualification, did not state a qualification or stated a qualification outside of the scope of the standard classification. This compares with 2,400,114 (70.0%) people (1,058,529 males and 1,341,585 females) in the 1996 Census and 2,439,832 (73.9%) people (1,085,262 males and 1,354,570 females) in the 1991 Census.

Victoria (Aus) – Government

Posted in Australia, Victoria (Australia), Victoria (Australia) - Basics by diego1084 on July 21, 2008

Victoria has a parliamentary form of government based on the Westminster System. Legislative power resides in the Parliament consisting of the Governor (the representative of the Queen), the executive (the Government), and two legislative chambers. The Parliament of Victoria consists of the lower house Legislative Assembly, the upper house Legislative Council and the Queen of Australia.

The current Premier of Victoria is Mr John Brumby, of the Australian Labor Party. The Governor is Professor David de Kretser, who represents and is appointed by Queen Elizabeth II.

Victoria (Aus) – Population

Posted in Australia, Victoria (Australia), Victoria (Australia) - Basics by diego1084 on July 21, 2008

The estimated population of Victoria at the end of June of june 2007 was 5,205,200 people (Australian Bureau of Statistics).

Just over 12% of Victorians live in rural areas, most of them live in large cities. Melbourne, capital city of Victoria, is the second most populous city in the hole country, with 3,806,092 inhabitants, after Sidney. Then, Geelong is in the 12º place, with 169,544, and Ballarat in the 19º, with 89,665.


Victoria (Aus) – Map

Posted in Australia, Victoria (Australia), Victoria (Australia) - Basics by diego1084 on July 21, 2008

Map of Australia with  Victoria highlighted

Victoria is the southernmost of the eastern mainland states of Australia. The state is roughly triangular in shape. It is the smallest mainland state in area, but the most densely populated and urbanised. New South Wales lies to the north / north-east, with the Murray River forming most of the boundary between the two states. South Australia lies to the west and the southern coast forms the other side of the triangle. White settlement in Victoria began in the 1830s as a farming community. The discovery of gold in 1851 transformed it into a leading industrial and commercial centre. Melbourne, the state capital and largest city, is nestled on Port Phillip Bay in the center of the southern coast and more than 70% of all Victorians live there.