Country Idealist Profiles

Australia – Dominant Non Profits and NGOs

Posted in Australia, Australia General Third Sector, Australia Third Sector by blopote on August 15, 2008
The following organizations are some of the most prominent of those operating within Australia.
International Development World Vision:
*Marie Stopes International Australia
*Save the Children Fund Australia
*The Fred Hollows Foundation
*Human Rights Amnesty International
Family Welfare/ Homelessness The Smith Family:

*Wesley Mission

*Brotherhood of St. Laurence

*St. Vincent De Paul

Environment :

*Landcare Australia
*Australian Conservation Volunteers
Disability Support :
Refugee Welfare :
*Australia Refugee Council
*Australians Caring for Refugees (AUSTCARE)
Illness Support:
*The Cancer Council of Australia
*National Breast Cancer Foundation
Community/ Sports:
*Surf Life Saving Australia
*State Emergency Service (SES)
*Returned Services League (RSL)
*Australian Football League (AFL)

Autralia – Non profit tax exemption

Only certain types of non-profit organizations are exempt from income tax.
The following organizations must be endorsed by the Tax Office to be exempt from income tax:

* charities, and
* Non-charitable funds that distribute money, property or benefits solely to deductible gift recipients that are income tax exempt.

If the Tax Office notifies to an organisation is endorsed as an income tax exempt charity or income tax exempt fund:

* it is exempt from income tax, and
* it does not need to lodge income tax returns, unless specifically asked to do so.

If the organisation has as an income tax exempt charity or income tax exempt fund. The organisation will need to:

* regularly review whether it is entitled to endorsement, and
* tell the Tax Office if it ceases to be entitled.

Australia – Non Profit general characteristics

Posted in Australia, Australia General Third Sector, Australia Third Sector by blopote on August 15, 2008

A non-profit organization is one which is not operating for the profit or gain of its individual members, whether these gains would have been direct or indirect. This applies both while the organization is operating and when it winds up.

Any profit made by the organization goes back into the operation of the organization to carry out its purposes and is not distributed to any of its members.

Organizations’ will be non-profit where their constituent or governing documents prevent them from distributing profits or assets for the benefit of particular persons, both while they are operating and on winding up. These documents should contain acceptable clauses to indicate non-profit character. The organization’s actions must be consistent with this requirement:

A non-profit organization can still make a profit, but this profit must be used to carry out its purposes and must not be distributed to owners, members or other private people.

Acceptable clauses indicating non-profit character Various forms of words can be used to show non-profit character in an organization’s constituent or governing documents.The following are examples:
Non-profit clause: The assets and income of the organization shall be applied solely in furtherance of its above-mentioned objects and no portion shall be distributed directly or indirectly to the members of the association except as bona fide compensation for services rendered or expenses incurred on behalf of the organization.

Dissolution clause: In the event of the organization being dissolved, the amount that remains after such dissolution and the satisfaction of all debts and liabilities shall be transferred to any organization with similar purposes which is not carried on for the profit or gain of its individual members.

Australia – AusAId Education program

The Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), manages the Australian Government’s official overseas aid program.The Global Education Website is initiated and funded by AusAID to support its Global Education Program.

Through the formal education system, AusAID’s Global Education Program aims to raise awareness of development issues, and Australia’s overseas aid program, with young people.
In Australian schools, global education is a cross-curricular perspective that is concerned with understanding:
  • international development issues and ways to reduce poverty,
  • peace-building and resolving conflict,
  • appreciating and valuing diverse cultures, languages and religions,
  • promoting human rights and social justice, and
  • working towards environmental sustainability.

For more information

Australia – International Cooperation focuses

The international community recognizes Australia’s leading role in the region, particularly in PNG and the Pacific.

The geographic focus of Australia’s aid program also makes sense given that two thirds of the world’s poor, some 800 million people, reside in the Asia Pacific, yet receive less than one third of total aid flows. Australia continues to provide selective assistance to Africa and the Middle East, primarily working through international and non-government organizations.
The Australian Government, through AusAID, competitively contracts aid work to Australian and international companies. These companies use their expertise to deliver aid projects and often train local people to continue the projects long after the end of the contracts.
AusAID funds not-for-profit organizations, such as World Vision or Oxfam, to deliver aid programs at the local community level in developing countries.
AusAID contributes funding to international organizations that help people in emergencies, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross. We also provide funding through the United Nations to UNICEF and to the UN Development Programme, for their work in developing countries. AusAID contributes to global and regional poverty reduction programs set up by the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank.

Australia – International cooperation, an overview

The Australian Government’s overseas aid program is a federally funded program that aims to reduce poverty in developing countries. The Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) manages the program.The aim of the program is to assist developing countries reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development, in line with Australia’s national interest.

The Australian aid program is organized around four interlinked themes:
*accelerating economic growth
*fostering functioning and effective states
*investing in people
*promoting regional stability and cooperation.

In 2007-2008 Australia will provide $3.155 billion worth of official development assistance of which $2.731 billion will be managed by AusAID.

All Australians contribute to Australia’s aid program. This amounts to around 1% of Federal Government expenditure compared to the 42% spent on social security and welfare. The ratio of Australia’s aid to Gross National Income (GNI) for 2007-08 is estimated at 0.30 per cent. Australia’s aid program focuses on the Asia Pacific region.

Australia – International cooperation map

Australia – Factors of the Third sector evolution

There are three main factors emerging:
1-The first is that there will be more amalgamations of Non Profit organizations, as self regulation takes effect, more pressures are placed on them to provide services once provided by government, and as they become irrelevant due to lack of strategic positioning.
2-The second is that members of Non Profit organizations are becoming more sophisticated. They are expecting more, at a more sophisticated level, with a greater emphasis on value for money. They are more likely to switch allegiances if their Non Profit organization fails to deliver their expectations.
3-The third is the increasing professionalism of Non Profit organization staff. There are now a number of tertiary courses and professional development programs that specialise in Non Profit organization management.

Australia – Non profit organizations employees

About 36,000 non profit organisations employ staff.

In 1999/2000, nonprofit organizations that employed staff:
*empolyed 604.000 people, 6.8 of australian in employment
*had an income of  $33.5 billion
*contributed $21 billion,or 3.3 to GDP.

If an adjustment is made for the uncosted component of volunteer activity, which is such a major characteristic of the not for profit sector, then the contribution to GDP is believed to be around 5% – clearly an enormous benefit being delivered to the Australian community by the not for profit sector. (ref. ABS Non-Profit Institutions Satellite Account, 2002).

Australia – Number of non profit organizations

There are approximately 700,000 non profit organisations in Australia, most of which are small and entirely dependent on the voluntary commitment of members, icluding: hobby clubs, local sporting clubs, advocacy groups, public hospitals, medical research oragizations, special schools, philantropyc foundations, community child care centres,environmental conservation organizations, charities that provide assitance to the needy and disadvantaged.
Approximately 380,000 non profit organisations are incorporated in some form or another, meaning that they have a legal identity independent from their members.