Country Idealist Profiles

Ireland Government – An Overview

Posted in Ireland, Ireland - Government by hynesbrid on July 22, 2008

Ireland is a parliamentary representative democratic republic. It has a centralised political and administrative structure with ministries having responsibilities for key objectives, outputs and strategies.
 
Bunreacht na hEireann (The Irish Constitution) establishes and describes the main institutions of the Irish state. The power to run the state is divided into three separate powers: the legislative power, the executive power, and the judicial power.

  • The legislative power is the power to make laws, i.e., to introduce, remove or change legislation. Articles 15 to 27 of the Constitution give this power to the National Parliament or the Oireachtas. The Oireachtas consists of Dáil Ëireann, Seanad Ëireann and the President.
  • The executive power is the power to carry the laws into effect, i.e., to execute or carry out the laws with the assistance of a police force, a military force and the civil service. Article 28 of the Constitution gives this power to the Government, i.e. the Taoiseach (Prime Minister) and the Deputy Prime Minister and the cabinet of Ministers.
  • The judicial power is the power to interpret and apply the law to disputes and conflicts that arise between the state and the individual and disputes and conflicts that arise between individuals. Articles 34 to 37 of the Constitution give this power to the courts.

http://www.citizensinformation.ie/categories/government-in-ireland/irish-constitution-1/main_institutions_of_the_state

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