Country Idealist Profiles

Australia profile – States and Territories

Posted in Australia, Australia Basics, Australia General by blopote on June 23, 2008

States and territories:

Australia has six states, two major mainland territories, and other minor territories.
The states are New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia.
The two major mainland territories are the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).

In most respects, the territories function like the states, but the
Commonwealth Parliament can override any legislation of their
parliaments. By contrast, federal legislation only overrides state
legislation in certain areas that are set out in Section 51 of the Constitution;
state parliaments retain all residual legislative powers, including
powers over hospitals, education, police, the judiciary, roads, public
transport, and local government.

Each state and territory has its own legislature:
unicameral in the Northern Territory, the ACT, and Queensland, and
bicameral in the remaining states. The lower house is known as the
Legislative Assembly (House of Assembly) in South Australia and
Tasmania) and the upper house  is known as the Legislative Council .
The head of yhe government in each state is the Premier  , and in each
territory the  Chief Minister. The Queen is represented in each state
by a Govenor; an Administrator in the Northern Territory and the
Australian Governor-General in the ACT, have analogous roles.

Australia also has several minor territories; the
federal government administers a separate area within New South Wales,
the Jemis Bay Territory, as a naval base and sea port for the national
capital. In addition, Australia has the following, inhabited, external
territories:Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, Cocos (keeling) Islands,
and several largely uninhabited external territories : AShmore and
Cartier Islands, Coral Sea Islands, Heard Islands and McDonald Islands,
and the Australian Antartic Territory.


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